Darth Maul, later simply Maul, is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise. Trained as Darth Sidious' first apprentice, he serves as a Sith Lord and master of wielding a double-bladed lightsaber. He is known for his red and black facial tattoos and the horns atop his head. He first appears in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (portrayed by Ray Park and voiced by Peter Serafinowicz). While seemingly killed at the hands of Obi-Wan Kenobi in that film, the Star Wars: The Clone Wars animated television series would reveal that Maul had actually survived his injuries, and he made further appearances in the Star Wars Rebels series and the 2018 film Solo: A Star Wars Story, all voiced by Sam Witwer.
After getting frustrated with a drawing of production designer Gavin Bocquet, Iain McCaig started covering it in tape.
Both he and Lucas liked the result, described as "a kind of Rorschach pattern". The final drawing had McCaig's own face, with the skin removed, and some Rorschach experimentation (dropping ink onto paper, folding it in half then opening).
Maul's facial tattoos were inspired by the indigenous peoples of Brazil. Maul is described as a thing of nightmares when his art design is finished.
Darth Maul's head originally had feathers, based on prayer totems, but the Creature Effects crew led by Nick Dudman interpreted those feathers as horns, modifying his features into those common in popular depictions of the devil. His clothing was also modified, from a tight body suit with a muscle pattern to the Sith robe based on samurai pleats, because the lightsaber battles involved much jumping, spinning, running, and rolling. Another concept had Maul a masked figure, something that could rival Darth Vader, while the senatorial characters would sport painted and tattooed faces. It was later decided to apply the painted and tattooed faces to Maul rather than the senator.
Darth Maul was physically portrayed by actor and martial artist Ray Park in The Phantom Menace. The character was voiced by comedian/voice actor/director Peter Serafinowicz in The Phantom Menace and Lego videogame adaptation of the prequel trilogy, while Samuel Witwer performed the character's voice in the animated series The Clone Wars, Rebels, and in the live action movie Solo: A Star Wars Story. Actors Gregg Berger, Jess Harnell, Stephen Stanton, Clint Bajakian, and David W. Collins have all voiced him in Legends adaptations and minor appearances.